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Justitiële verkenningen

Meer op het gebied van Criminologie en veiligheid

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Aflevering 6, 2015 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
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Artikel

Ouderenmishandeling

Een verkenning naar aard en omvang

Trefwoorden elder abuse, victims, prevalence, definition, study method
Auteurs Drs. I. Plaisier en Drs. M. de Klerk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Older people can become victims of abuse by someone they know and whom they depend on, such as family, friends or professional caregivers. Elder abuse is not always intentional, sometimes it is due to care falling short. Conducting a study to explore the prevalence of elder abuse is difficult. Commissioned by the Dutch State Secretary for Health, Welfare and Sport, the Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP) has brought together the current knowledge on this topic using the most recent data drawn from qualitative research, surveys of older persons, professionals and volunteers, and record data. The sources together do not produce an unambiguous picture of the actual number of victims in the Netherlands. All sources produce far lower figures than the estimated 200,000 based on a study of twenty years ago. The numbers found depend strongly on the research method and definition of the phenomenon.


Drs. I. Plaisier
Drs. Inger Plaisier is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP) in Den Haag.

Drs. M. de Klerk
Drs. Mirjam de Klerk is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP) in Den Haag.
Artikel

Ouderen in veilige handen

Een overzicht van het beleid ter bestrijding van ouderenmishandeling

Trefwoorden policies against elder abuse, derailed informal care, financial abuse of elderly, public education on elder abuse, public health system reforms
Auteurs Drs. J. Pattiwael en Drs. I. Brons
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This survey covers the Dutch Health Department’s policy against elder abuse, which is described in the program Actieplan ‘Ouderen in veilige handen’. Elder abuse can involve physical and/or psychological violence, but also negligence and financial abuse. To combat elder abuse it is crucial to create a climate in which the problem can be discussed openly. Also various actors on the regional and local level in society should be involved to prevent and tackle the problem. Homecare services and other social workers have been trained to signal elder abuse and provide help when the burden for informal caregivers becomes too heavy.


Drs. J. Pattiwael
Drs. José Pattiwael is juridisch beleidsadviseur en projectleider van ‘Ouderen in veilige handen’ bij het ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport.

Drs. I. Brons
Ingrid Brons is freelancetekstschrijver en auteur van onder andere de nieuwsbrief Ouderen in veilige handen.
Artikel

Systeemmishandeling: recht doen aan de zienswijzen van ouderen zelf

Trefwoorden Definitions of elder abuse, System abuse, Societal norms, Institutional reforms, Discrimination of the elderly
Auteurs Dr. J. Lindenberg, Dr. Y. Mysyuk en Prof.dr. R.G.J. Westendorp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Two approaches have dominated the way elder abuse is explained and defined: the intrapersonal and interpersonal approaches. More recently, an environmental approach is emerging that takes into account contextual factors. This approach also meets the perspectives of older individuals themselves better. They describe how they feel abused or neglected by the system – by the way in which we organize our institutions. Institutions mirror our society and are shaped in interaction with societal norms and expectations. This influences the way in which older individuals are looked upon, are being approached, and how they see themselves within these institutions. This system abuse is currently beyond the scope of the most commonly used definitions and approaches of elder abuse. However, it is important to acknowledge system abuse, because it makes explicit how older individuals feel abused by and within our institutions. The distress and harm that they experience can therewith be acknowledged and prevented.


Dr. J. Lindenberg
Dr. Jolanda Lindenberg is wetenschappelijk stafmedewerker bij de Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing en tevens verbonden aan het Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum (LUMC).

Dr. Y. Mysyuk
Dr. Yuliya Mysyuk is recent gepromoveerd op haar proefschrift over perspectieven op ouderenmishandeling in Nederland en verbonden aan de Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing.

Prof.dr. R.G.J. Westendorp
Prof. dr. Rudi Westendorp is hoogleraar ouderengeneeskunde aan de afdeling publieke gezondheidszorg van de Universiteit van Kopenhagen en tevens verbonden aan het Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum (LUMC).
Artikel

Ontspoorde zorg, gehechtheid en interactie

Trefwoorden derailed care, attachment behavior, mentalization, effectiveness of interaction, elder abuse
Auteurs Drs. T. Royers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Caring for someone can be very strainful. In this article the author states that stress reactions are not necessarily due to the burden of the emotional or practical care load itself. More important factors are the individual capability to regulate emotions and the way in which careseeker and caregiver interact on emotional topics such as pain, panic, sorrow, depression, and anger. The author starts from the attachment theory and describes the importance of attachment for someone who feels threatened, sick or fearful. Deep stress may hinder the caregiver to be aware of the thoughts, emotions and acts of the other person. Several effective and non-effective interaction patterns are described. The author argues that without self regulation the risk of care derailing and mistreatment will be substantial while the need for external regulation grows.


Drs. T. Royers
Drs. Theo Royers is socioloog. Hij werkt zelfstandig als trainer-coach en adviseur via Labez te Zutphen. Samen met Maria van Bavel schreef hij Oud leed. Basisboek ouderenmishandeling (2012).
Artikel

Het levenstestament

Trefwoorden life will, power of attorney, protection of vulnerable adults, mental (in)capacity, ageing
Auteurs Mr. C.G.C. Engelbertink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A legal document appointing one or more people to help a person make decisions or to make decisions on the person’s behalf is a power of attorney (levenstestament). It is meant to be used in situations when illness prevents a person to make decisions that need to be made. In the levenstestament certain trusted people have been given the authority to manage money affairs, property and medical decisions on behalf of the ill person. The document is registered. The author argues that mental incapacity can also be temporarily or partially.


Mr. C.G.C. Engelbertink
Mr. Chanien Engelbertink is estate planner en (levens)executeur te Bussum.
Artikel

Een kwestie van integraal slim slaan?

Trefwoorden elder abuse, financial exploitation, criminal investigation, all party approach, cases of prosecutionof financial abuse
Auteurs Drs. L.M. Cremers en Drs. E.J.H. de Kluijs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the authors discuss the opportunities and challenges they experience from the criminal investigation of financial exploitation of the elderly. By sharing knowledge and experience, they stress that the all party approach in this distressing problem, from the viewpoint of criminal investigations, will achieve the best results. This article could thus be seen as a first step, and invitation, to discuss future interventions and policymaking on fighting the exploitation of the elderly to prevent, detect and investigate these crimes.


Drs. L.M. Cremers
Drs. Lucas Cremers MCI is als operationeel specialist werkzaam bij het Team Financieel Rechercheren van de politie Oost-Nederland.

Drs. E.J.H. de Kluijs
Drs. Esther de Kluijs is als operationeel specialist werkzaam bij het Team Financieel Rechercheren van de politie Oost-Nederland.
Artikel

Woningovervallen op ouderen: een zeldzaam, maar heftig fenomeen

Trefwoorden house robberies, oldsters, violence, risk factors, house robbery offenders
Auteurs Dr. B. Rovers en S. Mesu MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the total number of violent robberies in the Netherlands has gone down sharply, but the number of robberies on private homes doesn’t decline. Especially robberies on private homes of the elderly are notorious for the level of violence used by the attackers, while the loot is often negligible. In this article the authors investigate this offense. Chances of becoming a victim are very small, but people who are robbed in their own homes often face severe violence. On the one hand these high violence levels and consequential injuries are related to the age of the victims: the elderly resist the attackers more than younger people do, and because of their age they are more vulnerable to physical attacks. On the other hand the high levels of violence are typical of (all) robberies on private homes: the unknown space and the unpredictable behavior of residents contribute to this. Most of these robberies are poorly planned and executed. This also explains why so many of these incidents turn nasty. The elderly are not specially targeted, the reasons they are robbed do not differ from other robberies on private homes: the attackers expect an easy accessible and substantial loot. In many cases both assumptions turn out to be wrong. Risk factors and prevention options are discussed.


Dr. B. Rovers
Dr. Ben Rovers is criminoloog/onderzoeker bij onderzoeksbureau BTVO in Den Bosch.

S. Mesu MSc
Sally Mesu MSc is teamleider Informatieknooppunt Korpsleiding (en voormalig onderzoeker) bij de Nationale Politie.
Artikel

Ouderen als slachtoffer van criminaliteit

Een kwantitatief beeld van de Nederlandse situatie

Trefwoorden victimization, crime, older people, fear, behavior
Auteurs Drs. M. Akkermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Older people are less frequent a victim of violence, crime against property, vandalism as well as cybercrime. This probably can partly be explained by the fact that elder people find themselves relatively less often in situations (think of public space, cyberspace) where the stakes of being victimized are high. Almost half of the older victims of violence know their offenders. Mostly they are from the same neighborhood. The majority of the violent offences against older people thereby occur in their everyday surroundings. Even though older people experience criminal offences less often, their attitude, the way they look at crime and adapt their behavior accordingly does – in most cases – not differ from the average Dutchman. Their fear of being victimized is equal to other age groups as is their assessment of the risk of being victimized and their behavior in avoiding unsafe places in their neighborhood.


Drs. M. Akkermans
Drs. Math Akkermans is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, waar hij zich in het bijzonder bezighoudt met het verrichten van wetenschappelijk onderzoek op het gebied van veiligheid en criminaliteit.
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